2009年2月6日 星期五

Power of the Masses Party formed in Philippines

Peter Boyle
Green Left Weekly / Links - International Journal of Socialist Renewal
February 1, 2009

Peter Boyle is national secretary of the Democratic Socialist Perspective, a left group in Australia. He attended the PLM congress as an international observer.

Interview with Sonny Melencio, chairperson of Partido Lakas ng Masa of the Philippines. Conducted by Peter Boyle for Green Left Weekly and Links International Journal of Socialist Renewalin Manila on February 1, 2009. The full interview is broken up into three parts, in order to follow the requirement of the youTube platform.

Manila – More than a thousand people, including 920 elected delegates, attended the inaugural congress of Partido Lakas ng Masa (literally "Power of the Masses Party") on January 30, 2009. They represented the mass organisations of workers, urban poor, peasants, students, street vendors, jeepney and tricycle drivers, women and senior citizens – a mass base estimated at 300,000 according to PLM leaders. The congress adopted a target of 1 million members in Manila and 2 million in the country as a whole by 2010 (when presidential elections are due).

The slogan "PLM: A new party for our time, a party of change, a party of socialism" set a confident tone for the congress.

Sonny Melencio, who was elected chairperson of the PLM, describes the new party as a "combination mass movement and electoral party" that was inspired by the recent Latin American experiences which have put into power progressive and socialist parties in countries like Venezuela and Bolivia.

"We are trying to build a mass party that can lead an uprising as well as engage in elections.

"The socialist victories in Latin America were not simply victories in the ballot boxes. Those electoral victories were preceded by popular uprisings that mobilised millions of people. During the elections, these uprisings were transformed into giant mobilisations but the mobilisations are also continuing in an ongoing process of building new institutions of popular power."

The PLM congress adopted a "Platform of the Masses", a transitional program aimed at the "dismantling of the rotten capitalist system and its replacement by socialism".

This program consists of key demands around economic and political reforms that the party will campaign for. includes the nationalisation of basic industries and services, such as electricity, oil and water; the provision of basic needs of the masses, such as land, decent housing, education, jobs and health; and the establishment of a genuine government of the masses.

Popular power
"But the political aspect of the program is crucial", Melencio told Green Left Weekly in an extensive interview (see video above of the full interview). "We want to put power into the hands of the masses. This has to happen from below through the transformation of barangay (neighbourhood) councils into barangay assemblies that can institute alternative structures to replace the congress that is dominated by the trapo (traditional politician) elite.

"The masses are tired of a system where successive people's uprisings, such as EDSA I and EDSA II which changed nothing. EDSA III was a failure and led by another trapo, "Erap" [Joseph Estrada], who wanted to return to power.

"We don't want another EDSA where 'people's power' is hijacked by the elite. So we need an uprising that is heading by the masa themselves and crowned by the institution of a government of the masa."

The forces that launched the PLM came out of an experience in a broad collation of the left called Laban ng Masa. This alliance including most of the left except the sections associated by the Communist Party of the Philippines, a significant force that holds on to a sectarian approach to the rest of the left, according to Melencio.

This alliance operated on consensus and, unfortunately, there was no consensus on how to relate to important issues such as the Moro struggle for self-determination, the rebel soldiers movement and the commitment of serious resources to building the alliance at all levels, especially at the grassroots, according to Melencio.

"So we decided to form a party that could do this grassroots organising among the masses, to mobilise them in the streets and in elections too. However, we are still pursuing left regroupment and the PLM has an inclusive approach."

Melencio hopes that some other groups from Laban ng Masa might join the PLM in the next few months.

Well-known leaders leaders of the broader left, including president of the University of the Philippines and Laban ng Masa chairperson Dr Francisco Nemenzo, former Akbayan Congress representative Etta Rosales, current Akbayan Congress representative Risa Hontiveros and Ric Reyes delivered greetings to the PLM congress in person.

Rebel soldiers movement
The major alliance the PLM is building is with the military rebels. Melencio has been visiting the rebel military leaders in detention and discussing the possibility of them joining the PLM. Some have already expressed their willingness to join or support the PLM. The PLM congress received a message of support from imprisoned Brigadier-General Danilo Lim, a widely respected leader of the rebel soldiers movement

"Some of the military rebel groups are in full agreement with the PLM platform. In fact the platform of the PLM is based on a platform put forward by the Young Officers Union for New Government (YOUNG)", said Melencio.

"They asked us to comment on it, during the days of Laban ng Masa, and we developed it into the Platform of the Masses. We have some more things to discuss, including how to explain socialism to the ranks of the soldiers."

Melencio said that some of the rebel soldiers had been studying the Venezuelan revolution and reading about Hugo Chavez and "Socialism for the 21st century". The PLM has been discussing putting forward Brigadier-General Lim as its presidential candidate in 2010.

There were international observers at the PLM inaugural congress from the Japan Confederation of Railway Workers Union, the Sweden's Left Party, the Democratic Socialist Perspective of Australia and the Ceylon Bank Employees Union. Solidarity greetings were presented from these groups and other international parties, including the Socialist Party of Malaysia (PSM), Papernas from Indonesia and Partido Obrero Revolucionario (POR, Spain), which emailed greetings.

2008年8月25日 星期一

The ethic of socialism
Pedro Rodríguez Rojas


Socialism is not decreed; it is a long transformation process of the material foundations to turn an economy of exploitation into economic relations of cooperation and solidarity, and to transform alienated men and women and pave the way for the birth of the new man and woman.

The ethic of socialism is its philosophy. It is what gives socialism a direction; it is the principles leading the formation of a new society, a new man and woman. As a philosophy, it needs a solid argumentative base produced by a permanent reflexive debate.

Similar to the socialist model to be built, this ethic, while it has clear principles, it is not a predetermined model: It is and will be under permanent construction. It is love what is in the center of the socialist morals and what fuels political actions.

Without this fuel, the project can become a mechanism of distribution, but it can not achieve the constitution of a true socialist society. The most important issue is to establish the diametrical differences that make it different from the capitalist ethic; that is to say, what are the differences different between the capitalist equality, freedom and justice, and the socialist solidarity, equality, freedom and justice.

Otherwise, it is most likely that the values of capitalism will continue accompanying us, and be legitimated by a pseudo socialist speech. The ethical values of capitalism are actually expressions of an anti-ethic; its real values are selfishness, exploitation and the control over others. The socialist ethic can not be metaphysics, a decalogue of hollow principles without any material and real foundation.

Likewise, the ethic of socialism must epistemologically break the ideological remains inevitably inherited from capitalism. This must be one of the first tasks of the socialist education: to dismantle the capitalist ideology in still infiltrated in the concepts, categories and theories of the socialist discourse.

The socialist ethic also has to move away from any populist practice becoming accomplice of the vices and capitalist consumption. For the debate on the participation and values of socialism not to be metaphoric and go beyond the metaphysic vision, it must have a defined subject: It is the people, the excluded ones, those who have been historically marginalized from the participation of the material and immaterial goods.

Faced with a planet expressing its limits, faced with the crisis of the civilizing model that has violated the most elemental rights of men and women, short-term measures are no longer possible.

It is necessary and urgent to face the capitalist societal model and make all our efforts to give birth to a new world making possible the human life and guaranteeing the existence of future generations.

(originated in spanish : http://www.aporrea.org/ideologia/a62021 )